Mia Goth on Sex, Gender, and the Beauty Product She Swaps With Shia LaBeouf

Mia Goth on Sex, Gender, and the Beauty Product She Swaps With Shia LaBeouf

Four years ago, the world was introduced to the wide-eyed Mia Goth, the U.K.-bred, half-Brazilian, half-Canadian actress whose debut performance as an insufferably complicated and long-limbed schoolgirl with a big appetite for sex in Lars von Trier’s Nymphomaniac landed her a Miu Miu campaign. To …

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The First KKW Beauty Product Is A Cream Contour Kit, Of Course

The announcement that Kim Kardashian was launching a beauty brand came as a shock to me. With her sister, Kylie Jenner, already so successful in the beauty realm, I wasn’t expecting Kardashian to follow in her footsteps. But, the more Kardashian/Jenner sisters in the beauty game, the better. The f…

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Beauty product of the week: La Prairie Cellular Lip Colour Effects gloss

Beauty product of the week: La Prairie Cellular Lip Colour Effects gloss

Mia Steiber 16 June 2017

La Prairie’s Cellular Lip Colour Effects is the ultimate lush lipgloss.

Why we love this product

If you know anything about La Prairie, you’ll know that it’s one of those brands that really does wha…

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Mother of Britain’s Next Top Model contestant is dying

After a year of misdiagnoses, doctors found Lucy Fassett had stage three colon cancer

The mother of a Britain’s Next Top Model contestant has heartbreakingly revealed how she is dying of cancer.

Lucy Fassett, 48, has undergone chemotherapy and radical surgery on her stage three colon cancer – but nothing has worked.

After a year of misdiagnoses, doctors found she had a grapefruit-sized tumour that was making her vomit every time she tried to digest food.

In January, they gave her a prognosis of three months. But so far, she has completely ignored it and is continuing to go on strong.

Now she is preparing her daughter’s Tallulah, 20 – who is currently appearing on the reality TV show – and Kizzy, 18, for a life without her.

Ms Fassett, of East Dulwich, London, worries that they will be left parentless as they no longer see their father.

She said: ‘My priority is spending as much time with my girls as possible and enjoying being with them.

‘I’ve been the only constant thing in their lives and suddenly there’s a huge threat that I’m not going to be there anymore.

‘I want to do stupid things, like telling them what to do with stuff in the loft when you move house – those things that you would normally ring and ask your mum about.

‘At the minute, I have to just take each day as it comes. I am not one of those people who says, “I am just going to go to bed and die now”.

‘While there is breath in my body, I am going to keep doing whatever I can to live longer.

Ms Fassett is also coming to terms with not being around for her girls as they get older.

She said it’s ‘really difficult’ for her daughters, as Tallulah knows what she wants to do in the future and is very focused and driven.

Ms Fassett, of East Dulwich, said her priority is to spend as much time as possible with her two daughters (Tallulah, 20, who is appearing on the reality TV show Britain’s Next Top Model, is pictured left and right, and Kizzy, 18) before she passes away from the incurable cancer

But for Kizzy, it’s much harder, as she had to leave school during her mother’s ordeal and ‘is a bit lost at sea’ about her plans in the upcoming years.

Ms Fassett added: ‘When I had my children, my mum had recently remarried and moved away, so I didn’t have her around all the time when my kids were little.

‘I can remember really missing that and thinking at the time that, when my girls had children, I’d be all over it.

I’ve been the only constant thing in their lives and suddenly there’s a huge threat that I’m not going to be there anymore Lucy Fassett, 48

‘I wanted to be that hands on grandmother, but I’m probably not going to do all those things now.’

The medical practice consultant first started experiencing constipation and finding blood in her stools in September 2013.

She immediately recognised these as signs of bowel cancer and visited her doctor concerned.

However, her GP thought it was probably an early menopause, believing there was no need to worry.

But, over the following year, her symptoms intensified and she went back to her doctor three more times.

Ms Fassett said she was often bloated, constipated and bleeding.

The mother-of-two has had chemotherapy and radical surgery on her stage three colon cancer – but nothing has worked (pictured in the Christie Hospital in Manchester during treatment)

But no medication worked, leaving her unable to digest any food and vomiting each time she ate.

Determined to get answers, she made an appointment with a new GP, who immediately referred her for a colonoscopy.

Two weeks later, in August 2014 the tests showed that she had stage three colon cancer.

She said: ‘I was relieved to have a diagnosis, but it was a stage three tumour about the size of a grapefruit and, because it wasn’t removed, there was a risk it could rupture and kill me.

‘Once I saw my surgeon, three days later, I was confident that I was going to be cured. I am a really positive person and just had to think like that.’

Three days after that, she was taken to Kings College Hospital, London, for a four-hour operation to remove the tumour.

The surgery was successful and she started 10 rounds of chemotherapy, over six months, in a bid to kill any remaining cancer.

Ms Fassett worries about leaving her girls parentless as they are estranged from their father

Tallulah has a clear career path as a model, but Ms Fasset is concerned Kizzy will be ‘lost at sea’

But the gruelling chemotherapy didn’t work – leaving her exhausted.

A routine scan in May 2016 showed the cancer had returned and spread to the outer layers of her uterus.

She said: ‘In hindsight, I wouldn’t have had the chemotherapy. Afterwards, I was unwell and my immune system was damaged, but it did nothing to kill the cancer.

‘If chemotherapy kills the cancer, you can recover and it’s great, but if it doesn’t, you’re really in a lot of trouble. I was in the latter category.’

The cancer spread quic

The Wild Romp of Lincoln’s ‘The Bear Hunt’

The Wild Romp of Lincoln’s ‘The Bear Hunt’

In 1925, when The Atlantic first published “The Bear Hunt,” the editor’s preface remarked that Abraham Lincoln “neither wrote, nor attempted to write, much verse.” But what he did write ain’t half bad! There’s a reason why American poet Carl Sandburg took up Honest Abe as a muse.

To m…

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State ready to take another look at bear hunt – Story

– Florida game officials will get an update next week on the state’s growing black bear population, a discussion animal-rights supporters contend is a first step toward holding a hunt later this year.

A Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission staff update that will be presented April 19 a…

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Another Florida bear hunt makes no sense

Florida’s black bears are once again under threat of trophy hunters invading their forest homes and shooting them for no reason.

The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission may revisit the issue of a Florida statewide hunt on black bears, and it is time for citizens to let them know we wa…

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Student Eats Pizza Every Day For A Month To Prove It’s Not That Unhealthy

Student Eats Pizza Every Day For A Month To Prove It’s Not That Unhealthy

The concept couldn’t be simpler: one girl, one month, and a whole lot of pizza.

Yep, for thirty days, a third-year Ph.D. Candidate in Food Science known only as Molly will be eating pizza for every meal with one main aim: to prove that pizza can be enjoyed as part of a healthy diet.

Blogging about…

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Spring City Health Inspections: Sunoco, Little League, Freshies Pizza

SPRING CITY, PA — The April reports are in: the Chester County Department of Health has inspected five eateries around Spring City over the past two months. That includes the time period of Feb. 28 through April 24.

Of those five establishments, three had violations of some kind.

The violation at…

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Big Tip Stuns Waitress; Hope’s Health Continues to Improve; Pizza Truck Rolls In: Branford’s News

There was plenty of news across your town over the past week. If you missed any of it on your local Patch, here’s a roundup of some of the top stories. Contribute your own content to Patch by signing up for an account and clicking the “Post on Patch” button at the top right of the site.


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2017 Nissan Rogue Sport Starts at ,380

2017 Nissan Rogue Sport Starts at $22,380

Free Price Quote From a Local Dealer Free Price Quote From a View Special Offers

No Obligation, Fast & Simple Free New Car Quote Change Car Select Make Acura Alfa Romeo Aston Martin Audi Bentley BMW Buick Cadillac Chevrolet Chrysler Dodge Ferrari FIAT Ford Genesis GMC Honda Hyundai Infiniti Jaguar …

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Waymo to Offer Autonomous Cars for Hire in Phoenix

Free Price Quote From a Local Dealer Free Price Quote From a View Special Offers

No Obligation, Fast & Simple Free New Car Quote Change Car Select Make Acura Alfa Romeo Aston Martin Audi Bentley BMW Buick Cadillac Chevrolet Chrysler Dodge Ferrari FIAT Ford Genesis GMC Honda Hyundai Infiniti Jaguar …

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2016 Honda Pilot Elite Review

Free Price Quote From a Local Dealer Free Price Quote From a View Special Offers

No Obligation, Fast & Simple Free New Car Quote Change Car Select Make Acura Alfa Romeo Aston Martin Audi Bentley BMW Buick Cadillac Chevrolet Chrysler Dodge Ferrari FIAT Ford Genesis GMC Honda Hyundai Infiniti Jaguar …

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Should you be massaging your baby?

Should you be massaging your baby?


Expectant and new parents love to know exactly what baby gear they should be buying. People are eager to make suggestions: the best swings, the right carriers, the MamaRoo, the Rock n’ Play, the Miracle Blanket, all “guaranteed” to soothe your kiddo. But here’s one suggestion you prob…

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Woman gives birth to baby at Nebraska zoo

A woman whose baby was due in mid-May went into labor early and gave birth at a Nebraska zoo.

Drea Hubbard was born Sunday at the Henry Doorly Zoo & Aquarium, weighing 5 pounds, 5 ounces.

Her mother, 24-year-old Kymica Hubbard, said the birth took about two minutes from when her water broke.


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Baby bison keep Fermilab herdsman hopping

At the high-tech scientific center that is Fermilab in Batavia, Cleo Garcia has a unique job – herdsman.

Garcia is in charge of managing Fermilab’s herd of bison on a day-to-day basis. Every spring, the herd is in the spotlight as baby bison are born.

The baby bison nursery is a big attraction a…

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Polls show tight 4-way race in 1st round of French presidential vote

The French head to the polls on Sunday in an election campaign that is too close to call and could send any two of the top four contenders into next month’s second round vote — with potentially significant implications for Canada.

Those four contenders include candidates from the far left and far right, one currently under investigation for the misuse of public funds and a political neophyte.

French presidential elections are done in two stages. If no candidate receives a majority of the vote in the first round, the top two candidates head to a run-off. Every direct presidential election since the founding of France’s Fifth Republic system in 1958 has required a second round.

The polls suggest it will be a necessity again this year.

Macron, Le Pen favourites to advance

The leading candidate in the polls is Emmanuel Macron, a former economic minister in the outgoing Socialist government who has never run for political office before. He launched his own party (En Marche!) and is running on a centrist platform. He’s pro-European Union and supports Canada’s free trade agreement with the European Union (CETA).

Macron has averaged 24 per cent support in the latest polls by seven French pollsters — down slightly from his peak in March but well placed to move to the second round.

Following closely behind is Marine Le Pen with an average of 22.3 per cent support. Le Pen is the leader of the National Front, a far-right nationalist party founded by her father, Jean-Marie Le Pen. She has tried to soften the party’s image in recent years from its racist and anti-Semitic past.

Averages of first round French presidential polls by Ipsos, Odoxa, Elabe, OpinionWay, Harris, Ifop-Fiducial, BVA and Kantar Sofres. (Sarah Baptist)

Le Pen is against CETA, would take France out of the eurozone, potentially hold a referendum on France’s place in the EU and reduce France’s participation in NATO.

Macron and Le Pen are the favourites to move ahead to the second round, a run-off that Macron is expected to win easily. He has led Le Pen in hypothetical second round polls by 27 points.

That would be the widest margin of victory in the history of the Fifth Republic — with the one exception of the 2002 presidential election, when Jean-Marie Le Pen squeaked into the second round and was crushed by Jacques Chirac. He won by a margin of 82 to 18 per cent, as the French electorate mobilized to reject the National Front’s xenophobic politics.

But there is a significant possibility that Macron or Le Pen (or potentially both) won’t make it to the second round.

Can’t rule out Fillon and Mélenchon

Trailing in third place is François Fillon, the candidate of the conservative Republicans, a party that (before a name change) had been the vehicle of former president Nicolas Sarkozy. Fillon is averaging 19.5 per cent support.

Fillon had initially been the favourite to move to the second round along with Le Pen. But his candidacy was felled by allegations he misused public funds, paying his family members a salary for non-existent jobs at the French National Assembly. He is now under investigation.

The weakness of Fillon and Benoît Hamon — running for the Socialist Party of the deeply unpopular president, François Hollande, who opted not to run for re-election — has combined to help boost Macron from long shot to contender.

Mélenchon delivers a speech to supporters from a barge during a cruise on the canal de l’Ourcq in Paris on April 17. (Reuters / Alain Jocard)

But the lack of a strong Socialist candidate (Hamon is now polling at only 7.6 per cent) has also paved the way for Jean-Luc Mélenchon. Backed by, among others, the French Communists, Mélenchon is now running fourth at 18.8 per cent.

Mélenchon is anti-EU, against CETA and would pull France out of NATO. And like Le Pen and Fillon, he wants France to have closer relations with Russia and would remove sanctions against the country that were imposed following its annexation of Crimea.

Which two is too close to call

The margin of 5.3 points between first and fourth place would be the tightest in the history of the Fifth Republic and could result in an upset on Sunday.

Polls in the first round of the past three presidential elections have missed by an average of 1.8 points for the top four candidates. That sort of error could result in any one of Le Pen, Fillon or Mélenchon moving on to the second round against Macron.

Only a slightly larger error (smaller even than some of the misses in 2002 and 2007) could knock Macron out of the second round. Though it’s not the most likely outcome, a second round pitting the far right’s Le Pen against the far left’s Mélenchon is a possibility.

The repercussions for Canada of such a matchup — with their positions on CETA, NATO and the instability they could potentially cause within the European Union and in the West’s relationship with Russia — would be serious.


From the webmaster to the specialists: back on the evolution of the web professions

From the webmaster to the specialists: a return on the evolution of the web professions Thomas Coëffé, 20 April 2017

In the framework of the 10th anniversary of the Moderator’s Blog, we looked at the evolution of the web professions. Originally, the webmaster was the only connoisseur of the web and new technologies in companies. Today, whole services are devoted to it. And beyond the specialized professionals, all the professions are transformed with the rise of digital. In order to decipher this fundamental trend, we have met with Christophe Dané, President of Digitall Makers and board member of IAB France, as well as the specialized recruitment firms Bluesearch and Urbanlinker.

Webmaster, the original craft

If the professions of the Web are today numerous, at the beginning there was only one: the webmaster. A single job title representing a wide variety of situations. This period was guided by passionate professionals, borrowed from freedom and experimentation. Christophe Dané remembers it very well: “We must remember the first jobs in digital and the internet as a time when you are asked to do things without instructions. The question was not what kind of craft we were going to do, but what we could exploit in the Internet to move those in which we were installed. This is where the test & learn principle has taken on a new dimension. We invented functions, uses, and trades. Sometimes we got stuck, and that’s what made us move forward. The engine was curiosity and limitless imagination. The webmaster of the time was already a Martian and the starting point of the whole digital chain. When one sees what he created as descent … ”

From the webmaster to the web

The webmaster used to have many skills: web development, design, community management, web writing, network administration, optimization for referencing … These functions have gradually become specific trades. According to Bluesearch, “the rise of digital has led to a Taylorisation of tasks, that is to say, to a specialization of the trades. More and more professions of hyper experts (eg SEO specialist, community manager, …) have emerged and “middle management” has also been strengthened “.

See also Cartography of digital professions in 2016

According to Bluesearch, web jobs can be classified into 5 categories:

Marketing online and omnicanal

New technologies and data

E-commerce and business development

Production of contents and design

Management: chief digital officer, director of e-commerce …

According to Urbanlinker, three types of job are in vogue:

The professions of the webmarketing: today become pillars of growth, profitability, marketing profiles are increasingly solicited. The firm highlights the popularity of growth hackers and product owners, which have become indispensable in start-ups: “For two years, we have seen the rise of these businesses because competition in the universe start-up is increasingly Ferocious and the need for results is almost immediate “.

The tech trades: the gap between supply and demand is considerable. “There are still too few qualified profiles to meet the needs of the market, which leads to higher wages in this sector.”

Mobile-related occupations: “the first mobile trend is confirmed and recruitment needs follow. We have seen a sharp increase in mobile job offers in France in recent months. What began to be true in 2015 becomes evident in 2016: companies want to master all of their mobile products (iOS & Android) ”

On the other hand, some webmarketing jobs are regressing and there is a decline in labor requirements. “This is often the case for different positions that can merge into one: emailing skills are found, for example, within the scope of CRM-oriented positions in the broadest sense. We also note a sharp drop in needs on affiliation professions. ”

Digitization, a fundamental trend

If the evolution of the specific professions of the web is interesting, the rise of the digital one impacts a much more important number of professions. This is a deep mutation, often referred to as digital or digital transformation or transition. Professionals from all walks of life are now being asked to be versatile and to master many digital skills. According to Christophe Dané, this fundamental movement affects all the departments of the company.

“Marketing is hit hard, but we also find that the other departments of the company are concerned with digital: finance, HR, DSI, commercial, back office. No

Fashion Designer Rei Kawakubo Has Defined the Avant-Garde

Photo: Steven Meisel

People commonly look for a few basic traits when it comes to fashion — attractiveness, conventionality, ease. But Rei Kawakubo has never been about any of that. When she founded Comme des Garçons in 1969, she reimagined what clothing could be, and she remains at the vanguard of her art, outpacing experimental designers half her age. How does one designer remain the gold standard of the new for almost half a century, through all the maximalism, the minimalism, the wear-now-buy-when?

“People always think that she’s a postmodernist because she uses what appears to be deconstruction,” says Andrew Bolton, the Costume Institute’s curator in charge, who oversaw the Met’s upcoming show “Rei Kawakubo/Comme des Garçons: Art of the In-Between.” “But her constant search for originality or newness is the defining feature of her work.” Rather than reshuffling the existing atoms of design motifs, she insists on pushing past them to new forms — whether that means Pac-Man-like 2-D shapes or gargantuan silhouettes. “She is the ultimate and uncompromising modernist out of any other designer that I can think of,” Bolton adds. Kawakubo, he explains, has an unusual working process, one that is much more wedded to ideas than to trends. She doesn’t sketch: Instead, she throws out an abstract phrase or concept to her patternmakers, who execute the finished product. “It’s a very organic and very trusting process,” Bolton says, marveling that “somebody who seems very controlling is very willing to give up so much control.” Kawakubo’s ideas move ever forward, from deconstructing the garment to reassembling a more complicated human form. Perhaps most miraculously, her status as the grande dame of the avant-garde is consistently unchallenged. Ask any designer which other designer he admires and the answer, inevitably, is Kawakubo.

A lot of our jokes about progressive fashion come from Comme des Garçons. The clothing often has phantom limbs, extraneous bits and bobs wholly disconnected from function; the notion of “flattering” garments is subverted with the addition of 3-D stuff. But Kawakubo does it with exquisite precision. “She gave a new sense of beauty to the standard idea of what was considered ‘beautiful’ in the world of fashion,” says Karl Lagerfeld. Cindy Sherman, a longtime fan who’s collaborated with Kawakubo, adds that “she doesn’t answer to anyone, doesn’t care if her designs are wearable or functional, much less salable.”

Stella Ishii, who worked for Comme des Garçons in the ’80s and early ’90s, would travel to Kawakubo’s stores around the country and explain the designs. “This is not an arm,” she’d say. “This just dangles. And it’s fine.”

CDG Images That Changed the Conversation Again and Again

Photo: Peter Lindbergh/Comme des Garçons

1981: Kawakubo debuted on the Paris runway with exaggerated silhouettes and somber hues. The acolytes she quickly amassed were immediately dubbed “black crows.”

Photo: Peter Lindbergh/Comme des Garçons

1982: For the “Holes” collection, she made sweaters that appeared torn or moth-eaten. She has described them as a new version of lace.

Photo: Peter Lindbergh/Comme des Garçons

1983: Paris was shocked by the shapelessness and East-meets-West quality of Kawakubo’s designs. In the “Patchworks and X” collection, she questioned the notion of typical construction.

Photo: Lilo Hess

1988: Comme des Garçons began publishing the nearly text-free Six magazine — sent out to friends of the brand — of which only eight issues were ultimately produced. Six was a fusion of art and fashion, with contributors like Peter Lindbergh and Arthur Elgort, but also Robert Frank, Gilbert & George, and André Kertész.

Photo: Karl Blossfeldt; Minsei Tominaga

Photo: Tmothy Greenfield-Sanders

1989: Kawakubo cast artists, musicians, and actors to model her clothes, like Francesco Clemente (pictured), Ed Ruscha, John Malkovich, and Julian Sands, among others.

Photo: Peter Lindbergh

1989: She reimagined the glamazon supermodel, here, as a platinum Polly Maggoo.

Photo: Brian Griffin

1990: For this Six shoot photographed by Brian Griffin, villagers outside Tbilisi, Georgia, were street-cast and dressed in a mix of her designs and their own traditional dress.

Photo: Minsei Tominaga

1990: “She gravitates toward what are seen as cheap, kitsch and vulgar fabrics,” notes Bolton — like the colorful swaths of nylon she used in her spring 1990 “Refresh the Spirits” collection, modeled here by Naomi Campbell in Six.

Photo: Cindy Sherman

1994: She wasn’t afraid to make advertising imagery that could be perceived as grotesque, like this direct mailer shot by and starring Cindy Sherman.

Photo: Mitsuhiko Imamori

1994: CDG perfume has featured notes of kerosene, “grilled cigarettes,” drying laundry, burnt rubber, sticky tape, and industrial glue. Here, the ad for the debut perfume.

1997: One of her most challenging collections to date

Overhauling French Politics

At stake in Sunday’s French election is the specter of the far right, the neoliberalism of the extreme center, and Mélenchon’s challenge to the system itself.

The new issue of Jacobin , “Journey to the Dark Side,” is out now. Subscribe for the first time at a discount.

The first round of the French election is April 23, and the traditional parties are being eclipsed in the polls with the surge of right-wing populist Marine Le Pen, the newcomer Emmanuel Macron, a slick, young center-right neoliberal.

This happens in the context of the rise of right-wing populism around the world. But in France, there is a left, to the left of a Socialist Party thoroughly discredited for its austerity and anti-labor legislation. Jean-Luc Mélenchon’s surprise emergence as a contender for the presidency cannot be discounted, then.

Sebastian Budgen, an editor for Verso Books, a contributing editor at Jacobin, and an editorial board member of Historical Materialism, talks with Suzi Weissman about the candidates on the Left, especially Mélenchon, as well as the broader political-economic scene in France.

Let’s begin with the presidential campaign. Can you give us the political economic context?

Politically, the situation is one of crisis. Deep crisis. The two historic blocs that alternated power in France in the Fifth Republic since the early 1960s, the parties of the center-right and the party of the center-left that is sometimes aligned with parties to the left of it, such as the Communist Party, or the Greens — those two blocs are deeply fissured and disintegrating. It’s quite possible that out of the result of these elections, there may be very little left of these traditional parties.

This vacuum has caused new forces, or rejuvenated older forces, to enter the scene. The force that is of course the best known outside of France is the National Front (FN), which is a far-right party, which has changed its image and language but is still a far-right party. The FN is very high in the polls, with the highest poll rating in the moment for the first round. There are two rounds of voting: the first round in April, then a runoff between the two highest candidates in May. It is extremely likely that Marine Le Pen, the leader of the FN, will be one of the two candidates in the runoff.

This is quite unusual. We’ve seen other electoral upsets around the world — say, Syriza in Greece and Podemos in Spain, parties that formerly either didn’t exist or could not have contested the main political parties, but are now frontrunners. Is this a new situation for France in that regard?

Absolutely, yes. France is catching up with some of the countries of the south of Europe inasmuch as there is a complete implosion of the center parties, and the parties on the far right and the far left have new space to grow and to organize.

The vacuum is being filled on one hand by the National Front on the far right, and on the left, in a much more fragmented scene but clearly dynamic campaign being run by Jean-Luc Mélenchon, who is to the left of the Socialist Party.

It is a political crisis, and obviously also in the context of very low economic growth, high levels of unemployment, austerity, and recently, big social conflicts over labor law reforms. It is also a political crisis. There is an extremely deep distrust of the political class by the vast majority of the population, and there is an extremely high level of uncertainty about how people are going to vote. A third of voters still say they don’t know who they want to vote for, which is unusual for French standards at this late stage in the election. It’s quite possible there will also be a high level of abstention.

So there is a four-pronged crisis: a political crisis, a social crisis, an economic crisis, and a kind of moral crisis.

These spectacular strikes, blockades, and demonstrations, notably Nuit Debout, really rocked the world’s stage, but especially the French stage, just one year ago. Can you describe the shift in that period? Is it because of the terrorist attacks that things moved, or the worsening economic situation, or the rise of populists elsewhere? Or is it something else?

The terrorist attacks happened before the spring protests. They happened in January (Charlie Hebdo) and then November 2015, so before the spring protests against the labor law reforms. Since then, the whole political situation has been polarized in both directions — both in a “law and order” direction, and a “state of emergency” kind of direction, and fortunately also in the other direction around social conflicts, but it’s really been pulling in both ways.

This is all in the context of a François Hollande government that was elected with a certain degree of enthusiasm, or at least relief, by many French voters. The Hollande government wasn’t promising enormous reforms but was claiming that it was going to rein in the power of finance, was going to fight for greater socia